Medical marijuana’s therapeutic effects have been known for centuries, but its medical applications have only been recently confirmed. Here is a list of the most common conditions medical cannabis can be used for:
- Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS)
- Epilepsy and Dravet Syndrome
- Crohn’s Disease
- Cancer – for chemotherapy side-effects; further research is being carried out with regards to marijuana’s cancer-killing properties
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
- Parkinson’s Disease
- The side-effects of Hepatitis C and AIDS/HIV treatments
- Symptoms of autoimmune diseases such as Lupus
- Myalgic Encephalopathy (ME) & Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Chronic Pain
- Muscle Spasms
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Evidence for the conditions marijuana can treat for can be found here.
The above list is by no means exhaustive, and research is being carried out on the potential of using marijuana for treatments related to strokes, concussions, sleep disorders of various kinds, addiction (particularly alcohol and opiates) and much more. Some strains can even help with arousal! (We’re looking at you, Northern Lights No. 5.)
Of particular interest in recent times has been Cannabidiol (CBD), which is now stocked in dispensaries and medical centers throughout the United States thanks to its medical benefits and the lack of “high” associated with Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, there are medical uses for THC, too.
So, why is marijuana medicine? Well, without going too into the scientific details, the main two cannabinoids mentioned above (THC and CBD) have specific medical benefits for most of the above conditions. THC increases appetite, reduces nausea, and controls inflammation, epileptic seizures and muscle spasms associated with neurological conditions. CBD has anti-anxiety properties, and also can control inflammation, epileptic seizures and muscle spasms. Thanks to its antipsychotic properties, CBD may also be used for schizophrenia treatment.
So, what makes medical marijuana different from recreational marijuana? The common conception is that strains high in THC is for recreational use, whereas strains that are higher in CBD are for medical use. However, as there are a wide variety of conditions all needing relief from different ailments, this is far too simplistic a separation.
This means that some conditions require cannabis that has both high levels of THC and CBD (e.g. night-time use for chronic pain, sleeping disorders), while others require cannabis purely for the CBD (e.g. seizures, asthma). Cannabis that has high THC but lower levels of CBD is usually better for daytime use and chronic conditions that can last throughout the day (e.g. chemotherapy side-effects, chronic pain), but where the patient wants to remain awake and motivated.
Now you know a little more about MMJ and it’s uses below is a helpful infographic showing the various methods of consumption. If you have any questions or are looking to get a medical marijuana card then please get in touch.